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Instituto De Oncología Intervencionista  en

Children's rhabdomyosarcoma

It is a disease in which malignant (cancerous) cells form in muscle tissue.

RABDOMIOSARCOMA is a type of sarcoma. Sarcoma is a cancer of soft tissue (muscle), connective tissue (tendons or cartilage) or bones. Usually, RABDOMIOSARCOMA begins in the muscles that are inserted into the bones and that help move the body. RABDOMIOSARCOMA is the most common type of soft tissue cancer in children. They can develop at any age, but most cases occur in children between 2 and 6 years, and between 15 and 19 years. It usually affects boys more than girls and can start in many places in the body.



There are three main types of RABDOMIOSARCOMA:

* Embryonic: It is the most common and occurs frequently in the head and neck area, or in the genital or urinary organs, but can occur anywhere in the body.
* Alveolar: It occurs more frequently in the arms or legs, chest, abdomen, genitals or in the area of ​​the anus.
* Anaplastic: It is the least common type of RABDOMIOSARCOMA in children.

Signs and symptoms depend on the location of the cancer. For example:

-If the cancer is in the area of ​​the head or neck, the signs and symptoms may include, among others:
*Headache.
* Bump or swelling in the eyes.
* Bleeding in the nose, throat or ears.

-If you are in the reproductive or urinary system:
* Problems urinating and blood in the urine.
* Difficulty to evacuate the intestines.
* A mass or bleeding in the vagina or rectum.

-If it is in the arms or legs:
* Swelling or a lump in the arm or leg.
* Pain in the affected area, although sometimes there is no pain.

For the Institute of Interventional Oncology (IDOI Mexico) it is important to remember that sometimes, children with RABDOMIOSARCOMA do not present any of these changes or, the cause may be other than cancer.